Banana, Pisang. Musa acuminata Colla;
Musa balbisiana Colla; Musa x paradisiaca L.
Family of Musaceae.
thick-skinned edible fruit that is yellow when ripe.
bananas on a fruit dish in the living room at room temperature. If you
want the bananas to ripen faster place the bowl in the sun. Like other
tropical fruits and tomatoes and bell peppers, never store bananas in
the refrigerator. Below 8 degrees
Celsius the fruit will decay from the inside. These fruits will not
will turn black in the refrigerator.
Banana-plants can grow
15 m. but most plants vary from 3 to 9 m.
It has very big leafs
can grow to 4 x 1 m.
Wild forms of the
come originally from the Indo-Malaysian area and are now cultivated all
the tropical and sub-tropical continents.
Bananas are delicious
with one's fingers after peeling off the skin. Depending on the type of
banana unripe bananas are also cooked, fried or deep-fried a lot.
are the basic food in many tropical countries.
moment there are five different types of bananas common on the market:
a green/red peel and pink fruit flesh. They taste the same like yellow
The redder a fruit, the more carotene it contains, so maybe they are
than their yellow colleagues;
are the normal, yellow bananas, 15-30 cm.
are smaller, 8-10 cm., and ripen faster. They are also yellow;
(pisang susa): is yellow as well and measures 6-8 cm. It is the
of the banana family;
bananas: are 30 to 40 cm. large and are green, yellow or red-like.
cannot be eaten raw. They fulfill the role of the potato in the
Is the most
well known and eaten (tropical) fruit;
Africa you can buy banana beer. This beer is brewed from bananas;
fruit is usually picked unripe and has to ripen in the land of arrival.
To make this process go faster bananas are treated with ethylene-gas.
bananas also ripen through ethylene -gas but exposing it to additional
gas accelerates the process;
fruit that for some people can work fatting because they
a lot of starch (more starch than sugar). Those people shouldn't eat
many bananas a day;
one banana a day, they are said to contain everything a human needs and
they contain all the 8 amino-acids our body cannot
produce itself. For more see the
energy in fruit.
are a good source of fiber, potassium and vitamin C;
are often dried and converted to meal which is used in many ways;
contain more vitamin C as yellow bananas (the redder a fruit, the more
nutritious elements it contains);