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Plums & Family


Eat five to nine
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Home - The different types of fruit - Tree fruit


Treefruit:
strawberry picture Apple - Apricot
strawberry picture Cherry
strawberry picture Fig
strawberry picture Peach - Nectarine
strawberry picture Pear - Quince
strawberry picture Plum

Plum
Prunus domestica
Family: Rosaceae

Description & storage
Plum: soft round smooth-skinned sweet fruit with sweet flesh and a flattish pointed stone.

A plum is a fruittype with a lot of varieties. They vary in season, size, colour and taste.
Plums are large 3-6 cm andThey are dried often and can be kept for a few days. Keep them on a fruit dish on a cool and dark place.

Tree / shrub
The plum tree grows 5 to 7m. high, has greenish-white flowers, is pollinated by bees and loses its leaves in autumn.

Short history
Plums are native in China, America, Europe and the Kaukasus. Greek writers mention cultivated plum races being imported to Greece from Syria. The Romans introduced the fruit in Northern Europe.
In 1864 there were 150 cultivated races.

Use
Plums taste best consumed "warm" from the tree but are a fine nutrition in its dried form as well. Plums stimulate the bowel movement. Its skin contains a substance that is responsible for that effect so if you peel the fruit you won't be bothered with the well known side effects of this lovely fruit. Plums are also used for its juice and often jam or a thick syrup is made out of it.

Types and family
There are more than 200 cultivars. There are four maintypes of plums: European plums, Japanese plums, the Damsons & Mirabelles and the "cherry-plums" (a native plum sometimes picked wild). Japanese plums are larger than European plums  and it is a stronger race.
A new hybrid is the plumcot or pluot. They are plum-apricot hybrids, mmmmm..delicious.

Other peculiar characteristics

  • Plums are high in carbohydrates, low in fat and low in calories. Plums are an excellent source of vitamin A, calcium, magnesium, iron, potassium and fiber. Plums are free of sodium and cholesterol. Like all fruit plums contain a substantial amount of vitamin C.
  • A prune is a dried plum;
  • Plums for drying are harvested at a more mature stage than those used for fresh consumption or canning;
  • California is famous for its export of Japanes plums.
  • Prunes used to be dried on the tree and in the sun like raisins, but nowadays they are dried in forced air tunnels heated by gas, this gives a more uniform product.
  • The Japanese plum should be called the Chinese plum because the Japanese imported the fruit 200 to 300 years ago from the Chinese that had cultivated the fruit for thousands of years. The Japanese spread the fruit allover the world and so it became the Japanese plum.
  • Plums stimulate the bowel movement. Its skin contains a substance that is responsible for that effect. If you peel the fruit you won't be bothered with the well known side effects of this lovely fruit. 
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